What do we need to know about Biological Control?
Biological Pest Control is another method used by exterminators and practitioners that make use of natural resources and natural participants. It is defined as a natural way of cutting pests also with the participation of human beings. Suppression of other insects is not done with human beings. It is just due to natural occurrences and other factors that result in such action.
The word “biological control” was first used by Harry Scott Smith. There are natural enemies in the production which are considered as beneficial and important in crop production. However, the flow and the management of natural predators are somewhat plain and complicated. Funny as it may seem but there are species which we consider as a threat turn out as much as a heavy advantage in the pest control process. A qualified natural detractor needs to have good adaptation skills to different conditions and good abilities in terms of searches and a high production rate. It is very important that these species can grow in numbers in just a short span of time so that there will be lots of species that could work well in the overall process. It should be also effective in searching for its host.
Several Pest Control websites have said that there are three basic pest control strategies today: First is importation, Augmentation, and conservation.
In importation also called as classical biological control includes the introduction of pest’s natural enemies to a new environment which is very rare for them to occur. In order for them to be considered effective, they should have a strong ability in colonization that allows then to be on the track of the habitat. If the agent has a good persistence, control will mostly occur. This results in a good maintenance of the population.
As for augmentation, it involves the release of the enemies. In the inoculative type of release, small numbers of these agents are released with time intervals to allow them to grow in numbers having hopes of setting them up for a long time control. It is not a guarantee that augmentation will work best but it could be effective depending on the understanding of the situation.
The last but not the least is the Conservation. This is the third method of biological pest control. In this method, the natural enemies are already doing good in the habitat and they already have a good track of their target. Also, their conservation is easy and cost effective.